CTET Feb 2016 Focus: Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development

Every year, at least one question is asked on CTET
examination on Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development. Mostly the questions
asks you to identify a particular moral action or behaviour into
pre-conventional, conventional and post-conventional stages as constituted in Lawrence Kolhberg’s Theory of Moral Development.

If you want to understand Kohlberg’s theory, please watch two
videos that explains the concept from CTET point of view here –
The first video gives you an introduction on Heinz’s Dilemma and second
video talks in detail about all the stages given by Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral
Development.
After watching these, let’s look now at one of the questions asked
in CTET exam on Kohlberg’s Theory

Karnail Singh does not pay
income tax despite legal procedures and expenses. He thinks that he cannot
support a corrupt government which spends millions of rupees in building
unnecessary dams. He is probably in which state of Kohlberg’s stages of moral
development?
( ) Conventional( ) Post Conventional( ) Pre Conventional

( ) Para Conventional

What is this question asking you to evaluate? Let’s use our
elimination strategy. There is nothing called Para Conventional. So, option (d)
is out.
This definitely is not pre-conventional as Karnail has some
moral view on whether to pay taxes or not. So, option (c) is out too.
Can it be conventional? In the video, you have seen that abiding
laws as is,  like crossing traffic lights
at the zebra crossing is part of the “Conventional Stage.” While Karnail Singh
is definitely not following laws. He is in fact questioning them. So, option
(a) is out too. And the correct answer is option (b)
Remember that, in conventional stage Kohlberg suggested that
“the individual’s own perspective may take precedence over society’s view; individuals may disobey rules inconsistent with their own principles.”

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