Daily Update On Current Affairs – August 15, 2017

Current Affairs

Here’s your daily summary of Current Affairs.

President approves 112 Gallantry Awards to Armed Forces Personnel, members of Paramilitary Forces
On the occasion of 71st Independence Day, 112 Gallantry Awards have been approved by the President of India for the Armed Forces and Paramilitary Forces. It includes five Kirti Chakras, 17 Shaurya Chakras, 85 Sena Medals (Gallantry), three Nao Sena Medals (Gallantry) and two Vayu Sena Medals (Gallantry). Havaldar Giris Gurung from first Gorkha Rifles who was martyred during a major counter-infiltration operation along the Line Of Control in Naugam sector of Kashmir has been awarded Kirti Chakra posthumously.
Schools can now order textbooks online
With instances of schools not being able to procure NCERT books on time has led to concern in the past, an online system has been introduced for affiliated institutions to place an indent to obtain the books required for the academic year 2018-19. In a circular sent out by the CBSE, affiliated schools have been asked to register and place a demand for the upcoming academic year well in advance so that based on the indent, the NCERT can supply books for all classes to their empanelled vendors across the country.
Plea against Article 35A may be heard by the Constitution Bench, says SC

The question whether Article 35A, relating to special rights and privileges to the citizens of Jammu and Kashmir, is ultra vires of the Constitution or not, is likely to head for a decision before a five-judge Constitution Bench. The indication that the constitutionality of Article 35A will be under scrutiny came from a Bench of Justices- Dipak Misra and A.M. Khanwilkar while hearing a petition filed by Charu Wali Khanna, who has challenged the Article as well as Section 6 of the Jammu and Kashmir Constitution, which deal with the permanent residents’ status in J&K.
India’s first railway disaster management system to be in Bengaluru

India’s first railway disaster management system is expected to come up near Bengaluru by the end of 2018. In this centre, situations like trains falling into rivers and coaches catching fire will be replicated in this centre. Mock rescue operations will be carried out in this centre. The Railways has earmarked 3.32 sq km village of Hejjala for this centre. The safety village will come up at a cost of Rs 44.42 Cr.
India’s first online course on Infusion Therapy has been launched
Infusion Nurses Society has launched India’s first online course in Infusion Therapy for Infusion Therapy Nurses. Nearly 3000 nurses are expected to be trained in the country under this programme. It will boost nursing in the rural parts of India
South Korean President Appeals for calm

South Korean President Moon Jae-in called for calm in the stand-off with North Korea, saying there should never be another war on the peninsula. Tensions have flared since U.S. President Donald Trump, responding to the North’s latest missile tests, warned it of “fire and fury like the world has never seen”. The North, in turn, threatened to test-fire its missiles towards the U.S. Pacific island of Guam. The war of words has sparked global alarm, with world leaders including Chinese President Xi Jinping urging calm on both sides. Mr. Moon, a left-leaning leader who has previously advocated a dialogue with the North, urged it to “stop all provocations and hostile rhetoric immediately, instead of worsening the situation any further.”
N. Korea leader gets plans for missile tests near Guam     

North Korea said on Tuesday that its military presented leader Kim Jong Un with plans to launch intermediate-range missiles into waters near Guam and “wring the windpipes of the Yankees” by creating “enveloping fire” near the key U.S. military hub in the Pacific. The comments, while typically belligerent, are significant because they also appeared to signal a path to defuse a deepening crisis with Washington over a weapons program that is seen as nearing the ability to accurately send a nuclear missile to the U.S. mainland.
Big Ben to go silent for four years for repair work

Big Ben, the huge clock bell of Britain’s Parliament, will fall silent next week as a four-year restoration project gets underway. The bongs of the iconic bell will be stopped after chiming noon on Aug. 21 to protect workers during a 29-million-pound ($38 million) repair project on the Queen Elizabeth Tower, which houses Big Ben and its clock. It is not due to resume regular service until 2021. Steve Jaggs, the keeper of the Great Clock, said on 14th August, the clock mechanism will be dismantled piece by piece and its four dials will be cleaned and repaired. The 13.5 British ton (15.1 U.S. ton, 13.7 metric tons) bell will be cleaned and checked for cracks. Big Ben has stopped several times since, it first sounded in 1859, but the current restoration project will mark its longest period of silence.
African Country releases Coin on account of Janmashtami

The tiny African country of Chad has released a limited edition of the silver coin on the occasion of Janmashtami. The full dimensional 3D coins weigh 100 gms and are made of pure silver. 251 such coins will be available for sale in India at a price of Rs 25,555 per coin.
Retail inflation rises to 2.36% in July   

Retail inflation rose to 2.36 percent in July this year. Chiefly driven by hardening prices in sugar and confectionery items, pan, tobacco, and intoxicants. Retail inflation, as measured by the consumer price index, had stood at 1.46 percent in June. Data released by the Central Statistics Office, today showed that retail inflation in sugar and confectionery items rose to 8.27 percent in July, while inflation in pan, tobacco, and intoxicants was 6.39 percent. But food inflation saw deflationary pressure, or a fall in prices, at minus 0.29 percent in July. Retail inflation in pulses and products was minus 24.75 percent in July, and in vegetables, it was minus 3.57 percent.
Indian export grows 4 percent in July 

The country’s exports grew three point nine percent in July this year, on a yearly basis, to 22.5 billion dollars. Exports rose due to an increase in shipments of petroleum, chemicals, and marine products. Official data released today showed that imports rose 15.4 percent in July, to 34 billion dollars, due to a rise in inward shipments of crude oil and gold. The country’s trade deficit widened to 11.4 billion dollars during the month under review, from 7.8 billion dollars in July last year. Gold import spurted 95 percent, to 2.1 billion dollars in July. Oil imports increased 15 percent in July.
Jan Dhan scheme: Going strong 3 years on

Three years after the launch of the world’s biggest financial-inclusion programme, the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana appears to be stabilised, with 30 crore beneficiaries and transactions picking up. The scheme was launched on August 15, 2014, with a target to provide universal access to banking facilities. The total balance in these accounts stood at ₹65,697 crore as on August 9. The rural tilt of the scheme came across the fact that 17.61 crore beneficiaries, out of a total of 29.48 crore account-holders, hail from rural and semi-urban branches. The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) has so far issued 22.70 crore RuPay cards to account-holders.
Norway has the highest Internet speed in the world
According to the global leader in speed testing, Ookla, Norway has the highest mobile Internet speed in the world. Netherlands and Hungary are ranked two and three in the list. The average speed of the mobiles in Norway is 52.6 megabits per second.
 Newly found TRAPPIST -1 is older than our Solar System

According to a study published in the “Astrophysics Journal”, researchers have found that the TRAPPIST -1 is between 5.4 and 9.8 billions years ago. Our own solar system is estimated to be 4.5 billion years old. TRAPPIST -1 is a system of seven Earth sized planets orbiting an ultra cool dwarf star about 40 light years away.

In Cricket, India clean sweep Sri Lanka in three-test series
India created history today by completing a 3-0 clean sweep of Sri Lanka in the third and final cricket Test at Pallekele, Kandy. India beat the hosts by an innings and 171 runs to win the series. For India, this was the first-ever series clean sweep on overseas soil.  Hardik Pandya was declared Man of the Match while Shikhar Dhawan emerged as Man of the Series. Resuming the day at 19 for one after following-on and facing a 352-run deficit, Sri Lanka were bundled out for 181 in 74.3 overs in their second innings shortly before tea on day three.

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