In this post, we will discuss the Lev Vygotsky’s Theory of Social Development to make it easy for you to answer all the questions asked in the CTET exam.
Lev Semenovich Vygotsky is a Russian psychologist. He lived during the Russian Revolution, developed a theory of development known as the Sociocultural Theory of Cognitive Development in the early 20th century.
As an exponent of the socio-cultural perspective to development, Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory gained worldwide recognition. The theory began to exert influence when Lev Vygotsky’s work was finally translated into English in 1962 and the importance of both sociocultural perspectives of development and cross-cultural research was recognized.
In this post, we will discuss the Lev Vygotsky’s Theory of Social Development to help you crack the CTET exam.
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CTET Previous Year Questions
1.Which one of the following is an example of scaffolding?
- Giving prompts and cues, and asking questions at critical junctures
- Giving motivational lectures to students
- Offering explanations without encouraging questioning
- Offering both material and non-material rewards
Scaffolding in the context of learning theories refers to
- simulation teaching
- recapitulation of previous learning
- temporary support in learning by adults
- ascertaining the causes of mistakes done by students
The teacher noticed that Pushpa cannot solve a problem on her own. However, she does so in the presence of adult or peer guidance. This guidance is called
- Pre-operational thinking
- Zone of proximal development
As an upper primary school teacher, you have quite a few children who are ’first generation school goers’ in your classroom. Which one of the following is you most likely to do?
- Tell the children that they do not have the capacity to study further and they should now help their parents at work.
- Call the parents and gently ask them to enrol their children for tuition.
- Provide scaffolding and other kinds of support during classroom activities and for homework.
- Give them homework of memorizing and copying the answers in their notebooks five times.
According to Vygotsky, the zone of proximal development is
- zone demarking the support offered by the teacher.
- the gap between what the child can do independently and with assistance.
- the amount and nature of support provided to the child to achieve her potential.
- what the child can do on her own which cannot be assessed.
The concept of ’private speech’ of children as proposed by Vygotsky
- illustrates that children use speech to guide their own actions
- shows that children are stupid and thus need the guidance of adults
- illustrates that children are egocentric
- shows that children love themselves
In middle childhood, speech is more …….. rather than ……..
- egocentric, socialised
- socialized, egocentric
- animistic, socialised
- mature, immature
The fact that children require culturally relevant knowledge and skills is attributed to
- Charles Darwin
- B.F. Skinner
- Urie Bronfenbrenner
- Lev Vygotsky
According to Vygotsky, learning cannot be separated from
- a measurable change in behaviour
- perception and attentional processes
- its social context
In Vygotsky theory, which aspect of development gets neglected?
Which one of the following is true?
- Development and learning are unaffected by socio-cultural contexts
- Students learn only in a certain way
- Play is significant for cognition and social competence
- Questioning by teacher constrains cognitive development
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