In this post, we will discuss the concepts Heredity and Environment to help you answer questions in the CTET, TET, DSC & DSSSB exams.
There are two factors that affect the development of a child.
What is Heredity?
The transfer of physical or mental characteristics from parent to child through genesis called heredity.
Genes are inherited traits encoded in a person DNA.
In some previous year question papers, you might find that genes, genetics and heredity are used as synonyms.
What is Heredity?
The transfer of physical or mental characteristics from parent to child through genes is called heredity. Genes are inherited traits encoded into a person DNA. In some previous year question papers, you might find that genes, genetics and heredity are used as synonyms.
How does heredity influence?
Heredity influences the different aspects of growth and development i.e. height, weight and structure of the body, colour of hair and eye, intelligence, interest and certain behaviours. Heredity is a static social structure meaning once we inherit certain genes they cannot be modified or changed.
What is Environment?
The word environment in this context means the environment around the child, his interaction with his family, his neighbourhood, his school, the nutrition the child receives.
What are the environmental factors which influence development?
There are various environmental factors which influence the development. Some of these are classified as follows:
- Physical factors:
Physical and geographical conditions influence a child’s behaviour, responses,
and attitudes. For examples, a person born in Chennai would be more tolerant to hot, humid environment, as compared to someone born in Himachal Pradesh.
Family plays an important role in a child’s development since the first interaction a child has, is with his/ her family. The behaviors that a child observers, the values she or he is taught are all through this initial interactions.
- School and teachers:
The school environment and the teachers also play a very important role in the grooming of a child. The teachers are the first role models for a child, and through the way, a teacher conducts herself, or interacts with the child affects the knowledge they acquire, and the people they become. There are various other environmental factors, in addition to these, like the book a child reads, or what he/she watches on TV, the sport they play, affects their development.
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