In this Post, we will discuss the concept of Thinking, It’s tools and different types of Thinking to help you answer all the questions in CTET, TET, & DSC 2018 easily.
Definition of Thinking For CTET, TET, & DSC Exams:
Thinking is a complex process involving manipulation of information. Without clear thinking, we cannot communicate clearly. Some of the definitions of thinking are:
Ross: Thinking is a mental activity in its cognitive aspect.
Kolinsky: Thinking is a reorganization of concepts.
Woodworth: Thinking is a mental exploration for finding out the solution of a problem.
Characteristics of Thinking For CTET, TET, & DSC Exams:
Thinking is a Cognitive activity (Cognitive means something which involves mental process of acquiring knowledge, which thinking surely does.)
- Trial and Error, Analysis and Synthesis, and Forward and Backward: Thinking is usually done when we want to solve a problem. While solving a problem we may try and fail in few approaches. But ultimately one approach may work that will help us to solve the problem. This is called as trial and error.
Before solving a problem we must analyze it carefully to understand the problem clearly. We may then have to break down the problem which will help us to reach the solution faster. Synthesize is to combine separate elements or components in order to form a coherent whole, in this case, a solution. While we think we do both according to the situation where our ultimate purpose is to find a solution.
When we want to make a decision, we sometimes think about future such as future consequences of the decision which is thinking forward and sometimes past to recall my experience and knowledge of a situation which is thinking backwards. All these are part of the thinking process.
- Perception and Memory: Perception is the mental process in which we transform the selected information received through our sense organs into an organized pattern. The basis of perception is a sensation. While thinking we recall if I have something similar experience or knowledge that is stored in my memory. This gives me a direction to think.
- Mental Exploration and not Physical Exploration: Thinking is more of mental activity or exploration than physical. We always use our mind to think. For example, if I have lost my car keys, I will force my brain to think where I was and where I could have misplaced it. Once I recall it becomes easy for me to search. Also if I understand I have lost it, I will think of ways of how I can get a duplicate or a new key soon.
- Purposive and not Day Dreaming: Thinking is more focused and purposive. Daydreaming is to fantasize or have pleasant thoughts about something you may prefer to be doing at a later date. It does not have any real purpose and take away our focus from the present. whereas thinking is done to find out a solution. It is meant to achieve an aim.
- Higher Order Thinking involves Symbolic understanding: Thinking is a pattern of behaviour in which we make use of internal representations called symbols of things and events for the solution of some specific, purposeful problem. For example, engineers use mental images and symbols to design the plan for buildings.
Tools of Thinking For CTET Exam
They are the components that provide us with the mechanism to think the way we do.These tools help us in problem-solving which means to find the solution for issues. So whenever there is a problem I may try to think in a critical manner using all, one or more than one of the tools to resolve the problem. Reasoning means drawing conclusions. The tools help us to logically understand the situation and reach a conclusion. Decision making is making a choice between or among alternatives. While making a decision I will use the tools to visualize backwards or forward and be a critical thinker and then decide on one of the choices available to me.
List of Tools of Thinking For CTET Exam
Types of Thinking For CTET Exam.
- Convergent Thinking
- Divergent Thinking
- Reflective Thinking
- Lateral Thinking
- Critical Thinking
To learn in detail the tools and types of thinking for CTET exam, download free Thinking E-book for CTET Exam and boost your score in the CTET exam.
Sample Questions For CTET 2018 Exam
- Write True or False
- Thinking is a simple mental process.
- Thinking is more of motor skills than mental skills.
- Symbolic understanding is important for thinking.
- Daydreaming is focused and purposeful
Fill in the blanks
- ………. are declarative statements which may be true or false.
- ………… Thinking assumes that there is only one correct answer to a problem.
- Critical thinking helps us in ………..
- Thinking about past is ………….
- Tools of thinking is ………… that provides information
Do leave your answers in the comment section below.
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