Here’s your daily summary of Current Affairs – August 09, 2018
Quit India movement Day – 9 August
9 August 2018 is the 76th anniversary of Quit India movement. On this day in 1942, father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi gave the clarion call of ‘Do or Die’ to all Indians to drive away Britishers from the country. The movement had begun from Gowalia Tank in Mumbai. The day is observed as ‘August Kranti’ Day every year.
Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve becomes 11th Biosphere Reserve from India to be included in WNBR
The Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve of Sikkim has become the 11th Biosphere Reserve from India that has been included in the UNESCO designated World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR). The decision to include Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve in WNBR was taken at the 30th Session of International Coordinating Council (ICC) of Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme of UNESCO held at Palembang, Indonesia, from July 23-27. India has 18 Biosphere Reserves and with the inclusion of Khangchendzonga, the number of internationally designated WNBR has become 11, with 7 Biosphere Reserves being domestic Biosphere Reserves.
Nitish Kumar launches ‘Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojana’
Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar has launched an ambitious scheme which promises to provide Rs 54,100 from the birth of a girl child till she graduates. On the occasion, the chief minister also made several other announcements like increasing the amount under the ‘Bicycle Yojna’ from Rs 2500 to Rs 3000. The scheme, launched by Nitish Kumar government in 2006, providing bicycles to school going girls, has won laurels in the country and abroad. He also announced doubling the amount for purchase of sanitary napkin to Rs 300 from existing Rs 150 under the ‘Kishori Swasthya Yojana.’
SBI launches MOPAD, a unified payment terminal
The new device titled MOPAD, or Multi Option Payment Acceptance Device, is a Point of Sale (PoS) terminal that would along with cards accept payments through UPI, Bharat QR, and SBI Buddy wallet which till now required different tools to receive payments. “It will be of great convenience for the customers because they won’t have to carry cards, they can just scan the QR code to make the payment. Don’t carry cash, don’t carry the card,” said Rajnish Kumar, Chairman, SBI, at the launch of the device here.
RBI to pay Rs 50,000 crore dividend to the government for 2017-18
The Reserve Bank of India said on 8 August that it has decided to pay a dividend of Rs. 50,000 crore to the Union government for the year ending June 30, 2018. The decision was taken at its board meeting held here. “The Central Board of Directors of the Reserve Bank of India, at its meeting held on August 8, 2018, approved the transfer of surplus amounting to Rs. 500 billion for the year ended June 30, 2018, to the Government of India,” the central bank said in a statement. The RBI follows a July-June financial year. The RBI had last year transferred a surplus of Rs. 30,659 crore as dividend to the government for the year ended June 30, 2017, which was less than half of what it paid in the previous year (Rs. 65,876 crores).
Commerce & Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu launches Mobile App Niryat Mitra
Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Aviation Suresh Prabhu launched Niryat Mitra – mobile App in New Delhi. The app developed by the Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO) is available both on Android and on IOS platforms. It provides a wide range of information required to undertake international trade right from the policy provisions for export and import, applicable GST rate, available export incentives, tariff, preferential tariff, market access requirements – SPS and TBT measures. The most interesting part is that all the information is available at tariff line.
NITI Aayog and CII Launch Partnership on SDGs
Union Minister Shri Raj Kumar Singh, Minister of State (IC), Power and New & Renewable Energy, Government of India, mentioned that business and government must partner for sustainable development of India. He was speaking at the launch of NITI Aayog and CII Partnership on SDGs, at the Government and Business Partnership Conclave in New Delhi on 8 August 2018, organized by NITI Aayog, Confederation of Indian Industry and UN.
Michelle Bachelet to be next UN human rights chief
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has chosen former Chilean President Michelle Bachelet to be the next human rights chief of the world body. Chile’s first woman president, Bachelet served the post twice- 2006-10 and 2014-18. After serving the first term as president, she was appointed the first executive director of the newly created United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women).
Nagasaki Day – 9 August
Japan is observing the 73rd anniversary of the atomic bombing of its southwestern city of Nagasaki on 9 August 2018. A ceremony has been planned at the Peace Park this morning to mark the day. Antonio Guterres will take part in the event, becoming the first United Nations Chief to participate. He will be joined by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, the survivors of the attack and the families of victims.
International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples – 9 August
There are an estimated 370 million indigenous people in the world, living across 90 countries. They make up less than 5 percent of the world’s population but account for 15 percent of the poorest. They speak an overwhelming majority of the world’s estimated 7,000 languages and represent 5,000 different cultures.
2018 Theme: Indigenous peoples’ migration and movement.
Indian-American high schooler wins International Geography Bee World Championship
Indian-American high school student Avi Goel has won the world championship at the International Geography Bee’s junior varsity division which was held in Berlin last month. 14-year old Avi is a tenth grader at Silver Creek High School in Evergreen, San Jose, California. He won a gold medal in seven out of the 10 medal events, and a silver medal in two of the events, topping the overall medals table.
Ivan Duque was sworn in as Colombia’s next President
Colombia’s newly-elected President Ivan Duque was sworn in yesterday. He pledged to unite the country and improve economic growth. In an address before dignitaries, after receiving the presidential sash in Bogota’s Plaza Bolivar, Duque said, he wants to govern Colombia with unbreakable values and principles, overcoming left and right divisions.
Currency: Colombian peso
Rashida Tlaib set to become the first Muslim woman in US Congress
Rashida Tlaib is set to become the first Muslim woman elected to Congress after comfortably winning her Democratic primary election in the US state of Michigan. The 42-year-old, who is the daughter of Palestinian immigrants, won 7 August’s primary in the state’s 13th congressional district, securing 33.6 percent of the vote.
Washington Open (Tennis) 2018
From 28th July to 5th August, Washington Open (tennis) 2018 or Citi Open 2018 was held at Rock Creek Park Tennis Center in Washington DC, United States. Washington Open (tennis) is an annual hard court tennis tournament. This is the 50th edition of the tournament.
Washington Open (Tennis) 2018 Winners list:
Ex-400m world champion Nicholas Bett dies
The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) took to their official Twitter handle and expressed condolence over the sudden demise of the athlete. “The IAAF is deeply saddened and shocked to hear that Kenya’s 2015 world 400m hurdles champion Nicholas Bett, 28, died in a car accident on 7 August. RIP,” the IAAF wrote.
Learn Two a Day:
Bihu festival: Assam
Bonalu festival: Telangana